Into clean open cask put your grapes

Into clean open cask put your grapes, stems and all, and mash them, then cover them with cheesecloth to protect them carefully. Any foreign substance may affect them and turn them into vinegar. Let them stand through the fermentation stage and when this is past, put them through a fruit press, extracting all the juice. Have ready a clean closed cask, strain the juice into this, and let the cask lie on its side in a cool place, a cellar by preference, for a month. If the cask is disturbed or shaken the wine will not be clear. At the end of the month draw off the wine carefully, put it into bottles, and after corking and sealing these, lay them in
a ,dark cool place on their sides. During the time the grapes are fermenting they should be stirred up every day from the bottom.